In 2015, more than one third of the electricity produced by FirstEnergy’s generating fleet was from carbon-free sources, including 31.9 million megawatt hours (MWH) from three nuclear power stations, 1.6 million MWH from two hydro plants, 1.2 million MWH from five wind facilities and 36,000 MWH from solar installations.  

Closure of 11 of FirstEnergy’s older, less efficient power plants since 2012 has supported the company’s transition to a cleaner energy fleet.  With the completion of Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) projects in spring 2016, FirstEnergy is projected to have reduced nitrogen oxide (NOx) by 90 percent, sulfur dioxide (SO2) by 95 percent and mercury by 91 percent over 1990 levels at its power plants.  

FirstEnergy has set an aggressive goal of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by at least 90 percent below 2005 levels by 2045, building on the 25 percent reduction in CO2 emissions already achieved across the company’s footprint.  This goal represents a potential reduction of more than 80 million tons of CO2 emissions and is among the most aggressive targets in the utility industry. 

Actions planned for the future to reduce CO2 emissions and transition to cleaner energy sources include:

  • Continuing to invest in cost-effective wind, solar and hydro generation resources
  • Maintaining fuel diversity, including nuclear and natural gas
  • Investing in advanced technologies to enhance carbon reduction at coal generation facilities
  • Developing a Resource Diversification Program that includes energy efficiency programs and renewable energy resources
  • Providing significant funding for energy efficiency and weatherization programs for low-income customers
  • Encouraging the development of storage technologies that support more widespread use of intermittent generation sources


Did You Know?

FirstEnergy is a leader in pursuing new ventures and technologies that show promise in achieving reductions in CO2 emissions. We are:

  • One of the largest providers of wind energy in the region with sales of more than 1 million MWH per year of wind generation from capacity under contract.
  • Collaborating with the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, one of several regional partnerships established by the Department of Energy (DOE).
  • Supporting afforestation — growing forests on non-forested land — and other efforts designed to remove CO2 from the atmosphere.
  • Participating in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s SF6 (sulfur hexafluoride) Emissions Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. Since the partnership’s inception in 1998, we have reduced emissions of SF6 by nearly 15 metric tons, resulting in an equivalent reduction of nearly 315,000 metric tons of CO2.
  • Supporting research to develop and evaluate cost-effective solid sorbent materials for CO2 capture.
  • Supporting research and testing of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) with EPRI. PEVs show great promise for improving air quality and reducing both greenhouse gas emissions and our dependence on foreign oil. With the help of test groups of customers who are driving PEVs, we are evaluating the impact of this technology on the electric grid.
  • Participating in a collaborative effort to evaluate the relationship between reducing fertilizer usage in agricultural crop production and reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions.